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Frederic C. Hof

Frederic C. Hof

Ambassador Frederic C. Hof is Diplomat in Residence at Bard College. He served as ambassador and special adviser for transition in Syria under President Barack Obama, with a distinguished career at the United States Army and the Department of State. His book on attempting to mediate Syria-Israel peace is forthcoming.

Latest from Frederic C. Hof

Afghanistan down, Syria next?

Afghanistan down, Syria next?

If the evacuation of Afghanistan tested U.S. partnerships in ways that revealed something short of solidarity, building and sustaining an allied strategy for political transition in Syria can provide the corrective.

Frederic C. Hof
“Lebanon Will Be Last”

“Lebanon Will Be Last”

The obstacles are daunting, but no law of nature dictates that Lebanon must remain last in line to make an honorable and complete peace with its neighbor to the south, one that secures the interests of the “Precarious Republic” and its citizens.

Frederic C. Hof
Assad: The Shebaa Farms Are Syrian, Whatever Hezbollah Claims

Assad: The Shebaa Farms Are Syrian, Whatever Hezbollah Claims

What shocked me as I listened to al-Assad was his lack of hesitation in telling an American diplomat point-blank that the Shebaa Farms — the entire basis for Hezbollah’s claimed status as the “Lebanese Resistance” — was not Lebanese; it was Syrian.

Frederic C. Hof
People-Driven Policy in the Middle East

People-Driven Policy in the Middle East

A Middle East ruled illegitimately by the criminally violent will always produce security threats to Americans, especially if the U.S. government is seen in the region as consorting with the enemy.

Frederic C. Hof
Parting the Seas

Parting the Seas

With Lebanon’s political class promising that untold riches were right around the corner, Hezbollah, apparently, did not wish to be the proverbial skunk at the garden party.

Frederic C. Hof
Fifty Years after Lebanon’s Last State-builder

Fifty Years after Lebanon’s Last State-builder

Chehab’s central idea – replace the missing sultanate with a modern nation-state and a government guided by the consent of the governed – remained fixed in the minds of his most fervent supporters. Yet even they found themselves either exiled or politically marginalized within Lebanon.

Frederic C. Hof
Legitimacy, Consent, and the Search for a Successor

Legitimacy, Consent, and the Search for a Successor

A century after the end of the Ottoman Empire, no successor to Istanbul’s sultan-caliph has emerged

Frederic C. Hof