Frederic C. Hof

Frederic C. Hof

Frederic C. Hof is Diplomat in Residence at Bard College. He served as ambassador and special adviser for transition in Syria under President Barack Obama, with a distinguished career at the United States Army and the Department of State.

Latest from Frederic C. Hof

People-Driven Policy in the Middle East

People-Driven Policy in the Middle East

A Middle East ruled illegitimately by the criminally violent will always produce security threats to Americans, especially if the U.S. government is seen in the region as consorting with the enemy.

Frederic C. Hof
Parting the Seas

Parting the Seas

With Lebanon’s political class promising that untold riches were right around the corner, Hezbollah, apparently, did not wish to be the proverbial skunk at the garden party.

Frederic C. Hof
Fifty Years after Lebanon’s Last State-builder

Fifty Years after Lebanon’s Last State-builder

Chehab’s central idea – replace the missing sultanate with a modern nation-state and a government guided by the consent of the governed – remained fixed in the minds of his most fervent supporters. Yet even they found themselves either exiled or politically marginalized within Lebanon.

Frederic C. Hof
Legitimacy, Consent, and the Search for a Successor

Legitimacy, Consent, and the Search for a Successor

A century after the end of the Ottoman Empire, no successor to Istanbul’s sultan-caliph has emerged

Frederic C. Hof