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Nationalism

What I Taught in the Emirates — and What It Taught Me

What Teaching in the Emirates Taught Me

The UAE wanted loyal citizens above all to preserve its political model; that primary lesson filtered down to the education system, even if it wasn’t written in the curriculum itself, in the ways that some rules were enforced and others were not, why some people were deported and others worked for decades in the same school.

Archaeology Turns Political to Benefit a Trio of Middle East Strongmen

Dictators and Hijacked Heritage

Both Saddam and Assad recognized the value of their countries’ archaeological heritage and adapted it to suit their interpretations of what they thought the Baath Socialist Party should be.

For Most of Turkey’s History, Liberalism Has Been More Illusory Than Real

For Most of Turkey’s History, Liberalism Has Been More Illusory Than Real

The key to understanding liberalism’s consistent presence at the core of otherwise illiberal governance in Turkey lies in the history of another word, muhalefet. It’s the word at the center of Christine M. Philliou’s brilliant new book.

‘Jesus Was Turkish’: the Bizarre Resurgence of Pseudo-Turkology

‘Jesus Was Turkish’: the Bizarre Resurgence of Pseudo-Turkology

On the margins of capitalism or in the furnace of communism, Turkic peoples have borne the brunt of modernity’s failures and experienced few of its successes. Ancient history, invented or otherwise, offers a refuge.

Germany’s ‘Gray Wolves’ and Turkish Radicalization

Germany’s ‘Gray Wolves’ and Turkish Radicalization

Calls within the EU to designate the Ülkü Ocaklari, also known by the moniker “Gray Wolves,” as a terrorist group are portrayed as a crackdown on Turkish far-right extremism. But it raises questions on broader issues about assimilation and inclusion of Turkish immigrants in Europe.

The Death of the Palestinian Cause Has Been Greatly Exaggerated

The Death of the Palestinian Cause Has Been Greatly Exaggerated

Arabs are of course not of a single mind on any particular issue, nor is it possible to gauge public opinion under tyrannical regimes. But it is indicative of the fact that these authoritarians no longer see the pan-Arab Palestinian cause and supporting it as vital to their survival.

The Sultan and King Bibi

The Sultan and King Bibi

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Benjamin Netanyahu have become their countries’ longest-serving leaders by claiming to speak for silent majorities. In doing so, they have taken their respective countries in new directions.