Georgia’s bid to join the European Union involves a story of cloak-and-dagger intrigue that has seen one of the world’s oldest churches engulfed in accusations of political sabotage, factional backstabbing and secret sex affairs.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, condemnation of the crimes committed by its autocratic government could have allowed for “history [to] develop in some other ways,” Tomak says. This might have given Russia and Belarus the opportunity to transform their political structures. Instead, “Putin is like a successor to the USSR.”
All over Europe, thousands of migrants languish in jail on dubious charges of association with smugglers. A New Lines investigation sheds light on how the continent’s anti-smuggling laws punish innocent migrants and asylum seekers.
For this third installment in our series on the fall of the Ottomans, historian Marc David Baer joins New Lines’ Faisal Al Yafai to look back at the 600 years of history that preceded their ultimate collapse.
Today, Turkish diaspora communities encompassing roughly 5.5 million people are spread across Europe, forming one of the continent’s largest migrant groups and the largest Muslim-majority community. But 60 years and at least four generations later, many people from the Turkish diaspora still feel like second-class citizens in Europe.
For Erdoğan, Turkish citizens in Austria as well as Germany constitute a “pool of voters for the AKP,” which he may need to draw upon in the 2023 presidential election given his declining popularity at home. But Erdogan is only able to draw on them because he is playing the kind of music Turks in Austria want to hear.
Calls within the EU to designate the Ülkü Ocaklari, also known by the moniker “Gray Wolves,” as a terrorist group are portrayed as a crackdown on Turkish far-right extremism. But it raises questions on broader issues about assimilation and inclusion of Turkish immigrants in Europe.