Laïcité

The Long and Troubled History of the French Republic and Islam

The Republic Misunderstands

Ever since Napoleon disembarked at Alexandria, France has had a complicated relationship with North Africa and Islam. Over the centuries it has been marked by politics, power, betrayal and misunderstandings.

Where Laïcité Collides with Islam

Where Laïcité Collides with Islam

Behind the French legal code separating state and religion, and why Emmanuel Macron's attempt to incorporate Islam into it is provoking anger among Muslims.