Hsiao-Hung Pai is the author of “Ciao Ousmane: The Hidden Exploitation of Italy’s Migrant Workers” (Hurst, January 2021).
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Around half the workforce employed in Italian agriculture are migrants. They are denied fair wages and exploited by employers. But in addition to this exploitation, workers are stratified by their country of origin and a new racial apartheid has emerged in one of Europe’s largest exporters of fruit and vegetables.