What was once a legal and diplomatic document argued over in Ottoman courts became a symbol of what the Ottoman conquest meant for Muslim and non-Muslim communities, and that legacy continues to shape identity and belonging in modern day Bosnia.
With tensions within Bosnia escalating rapidly – encouraged by some European leaders – many have begun to wonder, how many times will the centuries-old “Eastern Question” reappear in today’s Europe?
The footage of “the videographer of Srebrenica” has become the locus for online connections among Bosniaks. They remember the pain of the Bosnian genocide, but also love and solidarity.
The Swedish Academy’s embrace of Handke comes at a time when far-right movements worldwide have also seized elements of 1990s Serbian nationalism as fuel for violent fantasies from Utøya, Norway, to Christchurch, New Zealand.
Bosnians have lately turned to photographs, films, digitized recordings, and even social media to sacralize the genocide and foster international solidarity.