The U.S. military spent decades misunderstanding the effects of service-related trauma and stress on veterans. When my dad joined the Army in 1987, at age 21, the term PTSD was not used. Following that, plus 20 years of active conflict, the military has a mental health problem.
The convention under Western psychology is to treat a client as solely responsible for their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. By contrast, in collectivist societies the “Self” is usually treated in relationship to family members and the community.